Archives of the European Parliament

Envisioning Europe series, image of Professor Segers

The Europe of European Integration and its Vicissitudes; Past, Present and Future

This lecture given by Mathieu Segers in the Envisioning Europe series from the House of European History explores the current state of affairs in and around today’s European Union, reflecting on whether there is a future for the multilateral Western world. From an economic and (geo)political perspective, Segers analyses the history of the European integration by alluding to an old, burning question: what is Europe?

Watch the lecture

Andrei Sakharov during his hunger strike June 30, 1974

The Sakharov Prize, the European Parliament and human rights worldwide

The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, named in honour of the Soviet physicist and political dissident Andrei Sakharov, is awarded to individuals and organisations defending human rights and fundamental freedoms each year by the European Parliament. Discover more about the prize and the life of Sakharov here.

Learn more about the Sakharov Prize

Weiss showing the status of women’s voting rights in Europe

Louise Weiss: a committed European

Our newest exhibition is dedicated to a lifelong progressive and a steadfast witness to many of the 20th century’s great upheavals. Louise Weiss (1893-1983) left an indelible mark on the Europe we know today: as both a determined intellectual and a tireless activist, she was a pioneer of the European ideal.

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Signing of the Joint Declaration on Fundamental Rights, 1977

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union turns 20

Solemnly proclaimed on 7 December 2000 at the Nice European Council, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union is now twenty years old. Explore the online exhibition now.

Learn about the history of the Charter here

Schuman, Clappier, Monnet sketching the Schuman Plan, 1950

70th anniversary of the Schuman Declaration

On May 9th 2020, we commemorated the 70th anniversary of the Schuman Declaration. Explore the online exhibition and learn more about this pivotal event in European history.

Discover the history of the Declaration here

An MEP during a session in Brussels in September 1972

History and Facts Podcast

Explore the European Audio Capacity page and listen to podcasts on European Parliament history and much more here.

Find the podcasts here

The Names behind European Parliament Buildings

European Parliament buildings, StrasbourgExternal view of the European Parliament buildings in Strasbourg © European Union 2016 - Source: EP

The names of European Parliament buildings pay homage to people who have, whether as a member of the European Parliament or as an influential intellectual or political figure, helped shape the idea and reality of Europe. Through the naming of buildings in their honour they remain, in quite a real sense, at the heart of Europe and serve as a reminder of the European ideal to those who encounter these buildings. Discover the lives of these remarkable figures and learn about their connection to the European Parliament through this series of articles.
Learn more about the names behind European Parliament buildings here



The fonds, or holdings, of the European Parliament are home to over 5 million items that are testament to almost 70 years of European parliamentary activity, from the foundation of the European Coal and Steel Community to the present European Parliament. Learn about the archives of previous Presidents, Secretary-Generals and Members of the European Parliament and the people behind them here.

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Cultural Heritage

As an institution that has been at the heart of European and global historical events for almost seventy years, and been host to figures that have shaped contemporary Europe society, the Cultural Heritage collections of the European Parliament are a rich resource for anyone interested in the development of the idea and implementation of Europe since 1952. Discover our digital exhibitions on this history and other informative series here.

Explore the collections here

House of European History

The House of European History is a forum for learning, reflection and debate, open to audiences from all generations and backgrounds. Their primary mission is to enhance understanding of European history in all its complexity, to encourage the exchange of ideas and to question assumptions.

The House presents Europe's history in a way that raises awareness about the multiplicity of perspectives and interpretations. It preserves shared and dividing memories. It exhibits and collects the history of European integration and its foundations. A project of the European Parliament and part of its visitor offer, the House of European History is academically independent. A place for encounters and exchange, the House's multi-faceted interpretation of the past builds bridges to questions relevant for today's Europe.
Learn more about the House of European History here

Online Access to Archival Documents

Discover historical documents from 1952-1979 and trace parliamentary activities from the ECSC Common Assembly to the European Parliament prior to direct elections.

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Produced in collaboration with the European Parliament Research Service (EPRS), these publications offer a depth of historical insight into the European Parliament and its role in European and global politics and society. With a diverse selection of topics and texts ranging from informative briefings to lengthier analyses, explore these papers today and expand your knowledge of Parliament's history.

Browse the publications here

about us

About Us

What is the Archives Unit of the European Parliament? How can I access the archives for my own research? What is the legislation surrounding access to our historical documents? Find answers to these questions and more here as we explain our mission and offer other practical information.

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